The influence of collective action, community empowerment, and shared vision to the community capacity in urban water resource conservation         

W Mahanani and Chotib
Published under license by IOP Publishing Ltd
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 200, conference 1

Abstract
Climate change in Indonesia has led to soaring phenomena of extreme drought and floods, making it a formidable challenge for the sustainable water resources management, especially for the city of Jakarta. The increasing population and density of Jakarta have led to a higher demand of housing in the city. Many residents with low income are live in lands around river banks which often flooded. The present research has the objective to determine the spatial pattern of urban community capacity for water resource conservation in 4 different locations, based on the distance to the lake; and to find out how are the effects of collective action, community empowerment and shared vision on the community capacity in Lake Cavalio and Lake Kampung Bintaro. The data were analyzed using both analytical techniques of principal component analysis (PCA) and double linear regression analysis. The study shows that there are impact differences between the three variables on community capacity regarding lake conservation. However, those differences are not related to the distance from the lake. These results demonstrate differences in previous research, where community empowerment becomes the variable with the most significant effect. This finding describes that the construction of the lake can be an effective solution for the flood-affected communities, and the flood experience can build a similar perception and vision in the community.

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