Scientific cooperation to respond climate change in the South China Sea: The study of tides and sea level change
I A Satyawan
Published under license by IOP Publishing Ltd
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 200, conference 1
The South China Sea, one of Large Marine Ecosystem in the world, is located in strategic waterways and has become a hot-spot area as it is contested by six countries namely China, Malaysia, Brunei, Taiwan, Vietnam and the Philippines. The sea is now facing a serious problem in terms of ecology degradation due to pollution and climate change. This issue is not handled properly regarding its location in the disputed area with high tension of suspicion. Indonesia is not a claimant in the South China Sea but since the 1990s launched Track Two Diplomacy by conducting annual workshop under the name “Workshop on Managing Potential Conflicts in the South China Sea”. One of the outcomes of the meeting was to conduct scientific cooperation project namely “The study of tides and sea levels of change and their impact on coastal environment in the South China Sea affected by potential climate change”. The objectives of this project are to build solid tidal knowledge and characteristic of sea level variation as well as to standardize methods of measurement for tidal analysis and prediction. This article analyzes the initiation and implementation of the project as a breakthrough of scientific cooperation in a disputed area.