The determinant of fire disaster mitigation (fire practices study in gas station operator Surakarta, Indonesia)

H Setyawan
Occupational Health and Safety Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A Kentingan Surakarta Indonesia
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Abstract. Gas station is the working areas which have a high risk of a fire disaster, which can be caused by unsafe behaviour or unsafe condition. In dry season, Surakarta is one of the cities in Indonesia that has a hot temperature as a result of global climate change. This condition can allow the fuel to evaporate easily and trigger of the fire triangle. The purpose of this study was to examine the most influencing factors related to the fire safety practices in the gas stations operator, including safety regulations, fire training, and fire prevention and mitigation facilities. This study was analytic observational research using a cross-sectional approach. The sample was 94 gas stations operators in Surakarta. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire which is tested in validity and reliability. The data were analysed using chi-square and logistic regression. The result showed that the variables of fire prevention and mitigation facilities show a dominant correlation to the fire safety practices (p-value=0.0001, exp B=20.159).