Information needs and behaviour on climate change for sustainable farming among farmers

E Widiyanti1,2,4,5, R Karsidi3, M Wijaya4 and P Utari4

1Communication Doctorate Program, Faculty of Political and Social Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta, 57126, Indonesia
2Extension and Agricultural Communication, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
3Faculty of Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
4Faculty of Political and Social Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
5Corresponding author:

Abstract. As the main actors in the food supply, farmers’ knowledge regarding climate change and sustainable agriculture is essential. This study aims to identify farmers’ information needs, information use level and information-seeking behavior on climate change for sustainable agriculture. This research was conducted on three farmer groups in areas affected by Mount Merapi eruption and global climate change, namely Karya Muda and Sekar Dewani farmer groups in Mriyan Village, Tamansari District, and Margo Mulyo farmer group in Mundu Village, Tulung District, Klaten Regency. The data were collected purposively through structured interviews with 43 farmers from the groups. The analysis results of the Standardized Information Need Index (SINI) and Information Use Index (IUI) showed that information related to crop protection (SINI-96, 90), climate (SINI-92, 25), and commodity selling prices (SINI-89, 92) is the information most needed by farmers. The information sources mostly used by farmers were friends or neighbours (IUI-84), farmer groups (IUI-65) and mass media (IUI-49). The results concluded that farmers seek information on climate change and sustainable farming more actively from their fellow farmers and farmer groups. Therefore, to further support sustainable agriculture and deal with climate change, it is recommended to provide the information needed by farmers through such sources