Partnership between sugar company and small farmer on sugar cane farming in dry climate area of Dompu District, West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia

Widodo*, D R Kamardiani and D F Pratiwi
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Jalan Brawijaya, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
*Corresponding author: widodo@umy.ac.id


Abstract. Dompu District locates in Province of West Nusa Tenggara that was characterized as dry climate. The climate change also contributed to exacerbating the effect of drought in that area. Sugar cane farming was introduced to this district on 2015 to supply sugar on east of Indonesia. This study aimed to descript the partnership between sugar company and small farmer on dry land sugar cane farming in Dompu District, West Nusa Tenggara Province. This research was conducted by interviewed informants of the officer of sugar cane farmer groups. The result shown that the type of partnership between sugar company and sugar cane farmer was pattern of plasma-nucleus. The sugar company as the nucleus of partnership gave a free technical assistant and sugar cane seed. Sugar cane farmer obligate to manage the farming according to instruction of technical assistant and financed sugar cane farming cost but seed, i.e. cost of worker, fertilizer, pesticide, transportation of sugar cane and cost of tractor rent. Sugar cane farming in dry climate land of Dompu District was able to contribute farmer family income.

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