Tidal swamp tolerant rice lines: climate change adaptive varieties
A P Lestari*1, I A Rumanti1, T Sitaresmi1 and I Khairullah2
1Indonesian Center for Rice Research.Jl Raya 12 Sukamandi Subang West Java Indonesia 41256
2Indonesian Wetland Research Institute Guntung Payung, Landasan Ulin, Guntung Payung, Banjar Baru, Kota Banjar Baru South Kalimantan Indonesia 70714
*Corresponding author: email@example.com
Abstract. Weather phenomenon and erratic rainfall are some of the symptoms of global climate change. These challenges attempt to increase rice production in tidal swamps or submerge land in the long term. An effort to form tolerant rice varieties to stress in tidal swampland has been carried out through crossing between superior varieties and local rice. This study aims to analyze the results of several promising rice lines and search for the potential rice lines to be released as new tidal swampland varieties. The experiment was carried out in tidal swamp rice area centers, in Karang Agung, South Sumatra, Balandean, South Kalimantan and in Indramayu, West Java Indonesia. Fourteen rice lines and four check varieties namely IR42, IR64, Inpara 8 and Inpara 9 were used. Field experiments used a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with four replications. Results showed that the environment, genotype, and interaction between environmental genotypes had a significant influence on all characters. The appearances of the lines were superior in Karang Agung and less well on Balandean. The yield was positively correlated with plant height, the number of productive tillers and filled grains per panicle. There were five lines with a high yield equivalent to the best check varieties, namely Inpara 9, IR 102860-8: 66-BB, IR 102860-8: 42-BB, IR 101465-8: 23, IR 101465-5: 25, and B13522E-KA-5-B.