Blue economy policy for sustainable fisheries in Indonesia

D A A Sari1,2,3 and S Muslimah2
1 Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir.
Sutami No. 36A, Kentingan Surakarta, 57126, Indonesia
2 Researchers in the Environmental Research Center (PPLH) , Universitas Sebelas
Maret, Indonesia
3 Corresponding author :

Abstract. Climate change has detrimental impacts on the ocean such as ocean acidification, the
occurrence of extreme weather, increasing frequency of storms, and sea level and temperature
rise, which will threaten the marine ecosystem existence and threaten the marine economic
potential. Indonesia, with 6.4 million km2 area of waters, hold enormous fisheries potential
wealth and enormous potential economic value. Data from the Marine and Fisheries Ministry
notes that the marine economic potential reaches IDR 3000 trillion and there only IDR 291.8
trillion of the total potency that already gained. Sustainable fisheries development must be in
accordance with the development principles that benefit the present generation but still pay
attention to sustainability for future generations. Blue economy policies and programs become
the right and effective approach for marine development to encourage optimal and sustainable
utilization and exploitation of fisheries resources. This research is a legal research by using
statute approach to relevant legal materials. This study aims to integrate the blue economy
principle in to marine and fisheries policies and reconstruct the existing policies. The result of
this study is a proposed model of blue economy-based policy to get a sustainable national marine
and fisheries management.