Flare gas recovery as one of the clean development mechanism (CDM) practices
M S Sari, Hadiyanto and F Muhammad
Published under license by IOP Publishing Ltd
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 200, conference 1
Global warming has become an important issue over the last few decades. One of the causes is the presence of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) which is emitted by human activities. Oil and gas production (drilling, work over, and refinery) for energy consume will be followed by the associated gas. The associated gas will be flared due to safety and non-economic reasons. The objectives of this study are reviewing the environmental impact and utilize technologies from flaring gas. The impact of flaring gas can lead to a decrease in human health, increased GHG, changing the plant metabolism, and decrease the production of agricultural crops. Due to these, there are some technologies to reduce flaring such as: reinjection (EOR activities), PNG, LPG, LNG, CNG, NGH, GTE, and GTL. The flare gas recovery is expected to obtain the lower value of GHG in the air and as one of the clean development mechanism (CDM) practices with a rethink, reuse, reduce, recovery, and recycle principle.