Cogeneration policy to contest climate changes and the future of sustainable energy
Published under license by IOP Publishing Ltd
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 200, conference 1
Although Pakistan is 135th ranked in rapports of greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions, but it sticks up at 16th position globally in the terms of vulnerability to climate change. Adverse impacts of climate change on Pakistan are expected to raise more. Thermal power plants running on fossil fuels are main producers of electricity; the most used form of energy in Pakistan. Climate change impacts and dependency on foreign petroleum has compelled the policymakers to seek out cheap, indigenous and renewable sources. In the present article, cogeneration system and its impact on the environment especially in climate change scenario has been analyzed. The required information was collected through literature survey, observations and interviews. Pakistan’s national policy regarding the subject is weighed up from J-tariff in 1990 to present biomass cogeneration policy 2013 for the encouragement of cogeneration as a means of conserving energy. Surplus electricity can be consumed to meet the household-level demands and employment generation in rural areas. The paper will review the potential impact of cogeneration policy on climate changes in Pakistan. Moreover, there will also be looked at national cogeneration policy to achieve the future energy goals.