The implication of climate adaptation and mitigation research: capacity adaptation of rice paddy farmers to climate change
Idawati, Hubeis, Fatchiya, Asngari and Tjitropranoto
Published under license by IOP Publishing Ltd
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 200, conference 1
Climate change requires adjustment, resilience, anticipation, coping with stress or changes to sustainable agricultural development in socioeconomic and biophysical systems. Climate change affects the plants, livestock and also the environment, thus a reactive adaptation by paddy farmers is necessary. A purposive sampling on 30 respondents who had accomplished the Climate field school (CFS) program in “Mandiri” and group of women farmers “ Dalima”. The study was conducted from October to November 2017 in Situ Gede sub-district, Bogor, Indonesia. This study used the descriptive analysis with frequency distribution table to describe the respondent distribution of each variable. The research objective is to describe the ability of farmers to adapt to climate change and to realize the sustainability of rice farming. The results obtained are the application of adaptation ability of paddy farmers to changes in rainfall patterns in the form of technical capabilities (knowledge), institutions, social capital, access to business capital is categorized medium, while the technical ability of adaptation (action) is high. Furthermore, the ability of farmers to adapt to the sustainability of socio-cultural lowland rice farming is high in assessing persistence and togetherness are important factors in farming success. The implication is that the technical adaptability of rice farmers will be high if the sociocultural values and cooperation of rice farmers are maintained as in planning the timing of planting, harvesting and marketing.